Peer Reviewed

You can also download the following bibliography of peer reviewed publications in PDF format. Last updated May 2024.

  1. Abbott PM, Niemeier U, Timmreck C, Riede F, McConnell JR, Severi M, Fischer H, Svensson A, Toohey M, Reinig F, SigL (2021) Volcanic climate forcing preceding the inception of the Younger Dryas: Implications for tracing the Laacher See eruption. Quaternary Science Reviews, 274.
  2. Ahn J, Brook E, Howell K (2009) A high-precision method for measurement of paleoatmospheric CO2 in small polar ice samples. Journal of Glaciology, 55(191), 499-506.
  3. Ahn J, Brook EJ, Mitchell L, Rosen J, McConnell J, Taylor K, Etheridge D, Rubino M (2012) Atmospheric CO2 over the last 1000 years: A high-resolution record from the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide ice core. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 26, GB2027.
  4. Arienzo MM, McConnell JR, Murphy LN, Chellman N, Das S, Kipfstuhl S, Mulvaney R (2017) Holocene black carbon in Antarctica paralleled Southern Hemisphere climate. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122.
  5. Aydin M, Britten GL, Montzka SA, Buizert C, Primeau F, Petrenko V, Battle MB, Nicewonger MR, Patterson J, Hmiel B, Saltzman ES (2020) Anthropogenic Impacts on Atmospheric Carbonyl Sulfide Since the 19th Century Inferred From Polar Firn Air and Ice Core Measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2020JD033074.
  6. Aydin M, Campbell JE, Fudge TJ, Cuffey KM, Nicewonger MR, Verhulst KR, Saltzman ES (2016) Changes in atmospheric carbonyl sulfide over the last 54,000 years inferred from measurements in Antarctic ice cores. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 121, 1943-1954.
  7. Aydin M, Fudge TJ, Verhulst KR, Nicewonger MR, Waddington ED, Saltzman ES (2014) Carbonyl sulfide hydrolysis in Antarctic ice cores and an atmospheric history for the last 8000 years. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 119(13), 8500-8514.
  8. Aydin M, Verhulst KR, Saltzman ES, Battle MO, Montzka SA, Blake DR, Tang Q, Prather MJ (2011) Recent decreases in fossil-fuel emissions of ethane and methane derived from firn air. Nature, 476, 198-201.
  9. Aydin M, Montzka SA, Battle MO, Williams MB, De Bruyn WJ, Butler JH, Verhulst KR, Tatum C, Gun BK, Plotkin DA (2010) Post-coring entrapment of modern air in some shallow ice cores collected near the firn-ice transition: evidence from CFC-12 measurements in Antarctic firn air and ice cores. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 5135-5144.
  10. Banerjee A, Yeung LY, Murray LT, Tie X, Tierney JE, Legrande AN (2022) Clumped-isotope constraint on upper-tropospheric cooling during the Last Glacial Maximum. AGU Advances, 3, e2022AV000688, 1-15.
  11. Banta JR, McConnell JR, Frey MF, Bales RC, Taylor K (2008) Spatial and temporal variability in snow accumulation at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide over recent centuries. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113(D23102).
  12. Barletta RE, Priscu JC, Mader HM, Jones WL, Roe CW (2012) Chemical Analysis of Ice Vein Microenvironments: II. Analysis of Glacial Samples from Greenland and the Antarctic. Journal of Glaciology, 58(212), 1109-1118.
  13. Battle MO, Severinghaus JP, Sofen ED, Plotkin D, Orsi AJ, Aydin M, Montzka SA, Sowers T, Tans PP (2011) Controls on the movement and composition of firn air at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 11007-11021.
  14. Bauer S E, Bausch A, Nazarenko L, Tsigaridis K, Xu B, Edwards R, Bisiaux M, McConnell J (2013) Historic and future black carbon deposition on the three ice caps: Ice-core measurements and model simulations from 1850 to 2100. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 118, 7948-7961.
  15. Bauska TK, Baggenstos D, Brook EJ, Mix AC, Marcott SA, Petrenko VV, Schaefer H, Severinghaus JP, Lee JE (2016) Carbon isotopes characterize rapid changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide during the last deglaciation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(13), 3465-3470.
  16. Bauska TK, Joos F, Mix AC, Roth R, Ahn J, Brook EJ (2015) Links between atmospheric carbon dioxide, the land carbon reservoir and climate over the past millennium. Nature Geoscience, 8, 383-387.
  17. Bauska TK, Marcott SA, Brook EJ (2021) Abrupt changes in the global carbon cycle during the last glacial period. Nature Geoscience, 14, 91–96.
  18. Bereiter B, Kawamura K, Severinghaus JP (2018) New methods for measuring atmospheric heavy noble gas isotope and elemental ratios in ice core samples. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 32, 801-814,
  19. Bereiter B, Shackleton S, Baggenstos D, Kawamura K, Severinghaus J (2018) Mean global ocean temperatures during the last glacial transition. Nature, 553, 39-44.
  20. Bisiaux MM, Edwards R, McConnell JR, Albert MR, Anschutz H, Neumann TA, Isaksson E, Penner JE (2012) Variability of black carbon deposition to the East Antarctic Plateau, 1800-2000 AD. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 3799-3808.
  21. Bisiaux MM, Edwards R, McConnell JR, Curran MAJ, Van Ommen TD, Smith AM, Neumann TA, Pasteris DR, Penner JE, Taylor K (2012) Changes in black carbon deposition to Antarctica from two high-resolution ice core records, 1850-2000 AD. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 4107-4115.
  22. Breton DJ, Koffman BG, Kurbatov AV, Kreutz KJ, Hamilton GS (2012) Quantifying Signal Dispersion in a Hybrid Ice Core Melting System. Environmental Science & Technology, 46(21), 11922-11928.
  23. Buizert C and Schmittner A (2015) Southern Ocean control of glacial AMOC stability and Dansgaard-Oeschger interstadial duration. Paleoceanography, 30(12), 1595-1612.
  24. Buizert C and Severinghaus JP (2016) Dispersion in deep polar firn driven by synoptic-scale surface pressure variability. The Cryosphere, 10, 2099-2111.
  25. Buizert C, Cuffey KM, Severinghaus JP, Baggenstos D, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ, Markle BR, Winstrup M, Rhodes RH, Brook EJ, Sowers TA, Clow GD, Cheng H, Edwards RL, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Taylor KC (2015) The WAIS Divide deep ice core WD2014 chronology - Part 1: Methane synchronization (68-31 ka BP) and the gas age-ice age difference. Climate of the Past, 11, 153-173.
  26. Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Sherriff-Tadano S, Ritz C, Lefebvre E, Edwards J, Kawamura K, Oyabu I, Motoyama H, Kahle EC, Jones TR, Abe-Ouchi A, Obase T, Martin C, Corr H, Severinghaus JP, Beaudette R, Epifanio JA, Brook EJ, Martin K, Chappellaz J, Aoki S, Nakazawa T, Sowers TA, Alley RB, Ahn J, Sigl M, Severi M, Dunbar NW, Svensson A, Fegyveresi JM, He C, Liu Z, Zhu J, Otto-Bliesner BL, Lipenkov VY, Kageyama M, Schwander J (2021) Antarctic surface temperature and elevation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science, 372(6546), 1097-1101.
  27. Buizert C, Shackleton S, Severinghaus JP, Roberts WHG, Seltzer A, Bereiter B, Kawamura K, Baggenstos D, Orsi AJ, Oyabu I, Birner B, Morgan JD, Brook EJ, Etheridge DM, Thornton D, Bertler N, Pyne RL, Mulvaney R, Mosley-Thompson E, Neff PD, Petrenko VV (2023) The new Kr-86 excess ice core proxy for synoptic activity: West Antarctic storminess possibly linked to Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) movement through the last deglaciation. Climate of the Past, 19, 579-606.
  28. Buizert C, Sigl M, Severi M, Markle BR, Wettstein JJ, McConnell JR, Pedro JB, Sodemann H, Goto-Azuma K, Kawamura K, Fujita S, Motoyama H, Hirabayashi M, Uemura R, Stenni B, Parrenin F, He F, Fudge TJ, Steig EJ (2018) Abrupt ice-age shifts in southern westerly winds and Antarctic climate forced from the north. Nature, 563, 681-685.
  29. Buizert C, Sowers T, Blunier T (2013) Assessment of diffusive isotopic fractionation in polar firn, and application to ice core trace gas records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 361, 110-119.
  30. Casto-Boggess LD, Golozar M, Butterworth AL, Mathies RA (2021) Optimization of Fluorescence Labeling of Trace Analytes: Application to Amino Acid Biosignature Detection with Pacific Blue. Analytical Chemistry, 1-8.
  31. Chan WS, Mah ML, Voigt DE, Fitzpatrick JJ and Talghader JJ (2014) Crystal orientation measurements using transmission and backscattering. Journal of Glaciology, 60(224), 1135-1139.
  32. Cole-Dai J, Ferris DG, Kennedy JA, Sigl M, McConnell JR, Fudge TJ, Geng L, Maselli OJ, Taylor KC, Souney JM (2021) Comprehensive record of volcanic eruptions in the Holocene (11,000 years) from the WAIS Divide, Antarctica ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD032855.
  33. Cole-Dai C, Ferris DG, Lanciki A, Savarino J, Thiemens MH, McConnell JR (2013) Two likely stratospheric volcanic eruptions in the 1450s C.E. found in a bipolar, subannually dated 800 year ice core record. Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, 118, 7459-7466.
  34. Cole-Dai C, Ferris D, Lanciki A, Savarino J, Baroni M, Thiemens M (2009) Cold decade (AD 1810-1819) caused by Tambora (1815) and another (1809) stratospheric volcanic eruption. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(L22703).
  35. Conway H and Rasmussen LA (2009) Recent thinning and migration of the Western Divide, central West Antarctica. Geophysical Research Letters, 36(L12502).
  36. Cuffey KM, Clow GD, Steig EJ, Buizert C, Fudge TJ, Koutnik M, Waddington ED, Alley RA, Severinghaus JP (2016) Deglacial temperature history of West Antarctica. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(50), 14249-1425.
  37. D'Andrilli J, Foreman CM, Sigl M, Priscu JC, McConnell JR (2017) A 21000-year record of fluorescent organic matter markers in the WAIS Divide ice core. Climate of the Past, 13, 533-544.
  38. D'Andrilli J, Smith HJ, Dieser M, Foreman CM (2017) Climate driven carbon and microbial signatures through the last ice age. Geochemical Perspectives Letters, 4, 29-34.
  39. Dunbar NW, Iverson NA, Van Eaton AR, Sigl M, Alloway BV, Kurbatov AV, Mastin LG, McConnell JR, Wilson CJN (2017) New Zealand supereruption provides time marker for the Last Glacial Maximum in Antarctica. Scientific Reports, 7:12238.
  40. Dütsch M, Blossey PN, Steig EJ, Nusbaumer JM (2019) Nonequilibrium fractionation during ice cloud formation in iCAM5: Evaluating the common parameterization of supersaturation as a linear function of temperature. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 11, 3777- 3793.
  41. Dyonisius MN, Petrenko VV, Smith AM, Hua Q, Yang B, Schmitt J, Beck J, Seth B, Bock M, Hmiel B, Vimont I, Menking JA, Shackleton SA, Baggenstos D, Bauska TK, Rhodes RH, Sperlich P, Beaudette R, Harth C, Kalk M, Brook EJ, Fischer H, Severinghaus JP, Weiss RF (2020) Old carbon reservoirs were not important in the deglacial methane budget. Science, 367, 907-910.
  42. Fegyveresi J, Alley R, Voigt D, Fitzpatrick J, Wilen L (2019) Instruments and methods: A case study of ice core bubbles as strain indicators. Annals of Glaciology, 60(78), 8-19.
  43. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Fitzpatrick JJ, Cuffey KM, McConnell JR, Voigt DE, Spencer MK, Stevens NT (2016) Five millennia of surface temperatures and ice core bubble characteristics from the WAIS Divide deep core, West Antarctica. Paleoceanography, 31(3), 416-433.
  44. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Muto A, Orsi AJ, Spencer MK (2018) Surface formation, preservation, and history of low-porosity crusts at the WAIS Divide site, West Antarctica. The Cryosphere, 12, 325-341.
  45. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Spencer MK, Fitzpatrick JJ, Steig EJ, White JWC, McConnell JR, Taylor KC (2011) Late-Holocene climate evolution at the WAIS Divide site, West Antarctica: bubble number-density estimates. Journal of Glaciology, 57(204), 629-638.
  46. Fegyveresi JM, Alley RB, Voigt DE, Fitzpatrick JJ, Wilen, LA (2018) Instruments and methods: A case study of ice core bubbles as strain indicators. Annals of Glaciology, 1-12.
  47. Fitzpatrick JJ, Voigt DE, Fegyveresi JM, Stevens NT, Spencer MK, Cole-Dai J, Alley RB, Jardine GE, Cravens ED, Wilen LA, Fudge TJ, McConnell JR (2014) Physical properties of the WAIS Divide ice core. Journal of Glaciology, 60(224), 1181-1198.
  48. Frieler K, Clark PU, He F, Buizert C, Reese R, Ligtenberg SRM, van den Broeke MR, Winkelmann R, Levermann A (2015) Consistent evidence of increasing Antarctic accumulation with warming. Nature Climate Change, 5, 348-352.
  49. Fudge TJ, Markle BR, Cuffey K, Buizert C, Taylor K, Steig EJ, Waddington E, Conway H, Koutnik M (2016) Variable relationship between accumulation and temperature in West Antarctica for the past 31,000 years. Geophysical Research Letters, 43(8), 3795-3803.
  50. Fudge TJ, Taylor KC, Waddington EW, Fitzpatrick JJ, Conway H (2016) Electrical stratigraphy of the WAIS Divide ice core: Identification of centimeter-scale irregular layering. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121, 1218-1229.
  51. Fudge TJ, Waddington ED, Conway H, Lundin JMD, Taylor K (2014) Interpolation methods for Antarctic ice-core timescales: application to Byrd, Siple Dome and Law Dome ice cores. Climate of the Past, 10, 1195-1209.
  52. Gibson CJ, Johnson JA, Shturmakov AJ, Mortensen NB, Goetz JJ (2014) Replicate ice-coring system architecture: mechanical design. Annals of Glaciology, 55(68), 165-172.
  53. Gkinis V, Holme C, Kahle E, Stevens M, Steig E, Vinther B (2021) Numerical experiments on firn isotope diffusion with the Community Firn Model. Journal of Glaciology, 1-23.
  54. Goddard PB, Tabor CR, Jones TR (2021) Utilizing Ice Core and Climate Model Data to Understand Seasonal West Antarctic Variability. Journal of Climate, 1-55.
  55. Goodwin ID, Browning S, Lorrey AM, Mayewski PA, Phipps SJ, Bertler NA, Edwards RP, Cohen TJ, van Ommen T, Curran C, Barr C, Stager JC (2014) A reconstruction of extratropical Indo-Pacific sea-level pressure patterns during the Medieval Climate Anomaly. Climate Dynamics, 43(5-6), 1197-1219.
  56. Gregory SA, Albert MR, Baker I (2014) Impact of physical properties and accumulation rate on pore close-off in layered firn. The Cryosphere, 8, 91-105.
  57. Guillet S, Corona C, Oppenheimer C, Lavigne F, Khodri M, Ludlow F, Sigl M, Toohey M, Atkins PS, Yang Z, Muranaka T, Horikawa N, Stoffel M (2023) Lunar eclipses illuminate timing and climate impact of medieval volcanism. Nature 616, 90–95.
  58. Hillenbrand C-D, Smith JA, Hodell DA, Greaves M, Poole CR, Kender S, Williams M, Andersen TJ, Jernas PE, Elderfield H, Klages JP, Roberts SJ, Gohl K, Larter RD, Kuhn G (2017) West Antarctic Ice Sheet retreat driven by Holocene warm water incursions. Nature, 547, 43-48.
  59. Horgan HJ, Anandakrishnan S, Alley RB, Burkett PG, Peters LE (2011) Englacial seismic reflectivity: imaging crystal-orientation fabric in West Antarctica. Journal of Glaciology, 57(204), 639-650.
  60. Hu J, Yan Y, Yeung LY, Dee SG (2022) Sublimation origin of negative deuterium excess observed in snow and ice samples from McMurdo Dry Valleys and Allan Hills Blue Ice Areas, East Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD035950.
  61. Iverson NA, Kalteyer D, Dunbar NW, Kurbatov A, Yates M (2016) Advancements and best practices for analysis and correlation of tephra and cryptotephra in ice. Quaternary Geochronology.
  62. Iverson NA, Lieb-Lappen R, Dunbar NW, Obbard R, Kim E, Golden E (2017) The first physical evidence of subglacial volcanism under the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. Scientific Reports, 7:11457.
  63. Jiang S, Cox TS, Cole-Dai J, Peterson KM, Shi G (2016) Trends of perchlorate in Antarctic snow: Implications for atmospheric production and preservation in snow. Geophysical Research Letters, 43, 9913-9919.
  64. Johnson JA, Mason WP, Shturmakov AJ, Haman ST, Sendelbach PJ, Mortensen NB, Augustin L, Dahnert KR (2007) A new 122mm electromechanical drill for deep ice-sheet coring (DISC): 5. Experience during Greenland field testing. Annals of Glaciology, 47(1), 54-60.
  65. Johnson JA, Mortensen NB, Gibson CJ, Goetz JJ, Shturmakov AJ (2014) Replicate ice-coring system testing. Annals of Glaciology, 55(68), 331-338.
  66. Jones TR, Cuffey KM, Roberts WHG, Markle BR, Steig EJ, Max Stevens CM, Valdes PJ, Fudge TJ, Sigl M, Hughes AG, Morris V, Vaughn BH, Garland J, Vinther BM, Rozmiarek KS, Brashear CA, White JWC (2023) Seasonal temperatures in West Antarctica during the Holocene. Nature, 613, 292-297.
  67. Jones TR, Cuffey KM, White JWC, Steig EJ, Buizert C, Markle BR, McConnell JR, Sigl M (2017) Water Isotope Diffusion in the WAIS Divide Ice Core During the Holocene and Last Glacial. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 122, 290–309.
  68. Jones TR, Roberts WHG, Steig EJ, Cuffey KM, Markle BR, White JWC (2018) Southern Hemisphere climate variability forced by Northern Hemisphere ice-sheet topography. Nature, 554, 351–355.
  69. Jones TR, White JWC, Steig EJ, Vaughn BH, Morris V, Gkinis V, Markle BR, Schoenemann SW (2017) Improved methodologies for continuous-flow analysis of stable water isotopes in ice cores. Atmospheric Measurement Technologies, 10, 617-632.
  70. Jongebloed UA, Schauer AJ, Cole-Dai J, Larrick CG, Porter WC, Tashmim L, Zhai S, Salimi S, Edouard SR, Geng L, Alexander B (2023) Industrial-era decline in Arctic methanesulfonic acid is offset by increased biogenic sulfate aerosol. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
  71. Kluskiewicz D, Waddington E, Anandakrishnan S, Voigt D, Matsuika K, McCarthy M (2017) Sonic methods for measuring crystal orientation fabric in ice, and results from the West Antarctic ice sheet (WAIS) Divide. Journal of Glaciology, 1-15.
  72. Koffman BG, Dowd EG, Osterberg EC, Ferris DG, Hartman LH, Wheatley SD, Kurbatov AV, Wong GJ, Markle BR, Dunbar NW, Kreutz KJ, Yates Y (2017) Rapid transport of ash and sulfate from the 2011 Puyehue-Cordón Caulle (Chile) eruption to West Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122.
  73. Koffman BG, Handley MJ, Osterberg EC, Wells ML, Kreutz KJ (2014) Dependence of ice-core relative trace-element concentration on acidification. Journal of Glaciology, 60(219), 103-112.
  74. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Breton DJ, Kane EJ, Winski DA, Birkel SD, Kurbatov AV, Handley MJ (2014) Centennial-scale variability of the Southern Hemisphere westerly wind belt in the eastern Pacific over the past two millennia. Climate of the Past, 10, 1125-1144.
  75. Koffman BG, Kreutz KJ, Kurbatov AV, Dunbar NW (2013) Impact of known local and tropical volcanic eruptions of the past millennium on the WAIS Divide microparticle record. Geophysical Research Letters, 40(17), 4712-4716.
  76. Koutnik M, Fudge TJ, Conway H, Waddington E, Neumann T, Cuffey K, Buizert C, Taylor K (2016) Holocene accumulation and ice flow near the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide ice-core site. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121, 1-18.
  77. Kunasek SA, Alexander B, Steig EJ, Sofen ED, Jackson TL, Thiemens MH, McConnell JR, Gleason DJ, Amos HM (2010) Sulfate sources and oxidation chemistry over the past 230 years from sulfur and oxygen isotopes of sulfate in a West Antarctic ice core. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D18313).
  78. Küttel M, Steig EJ, Ding Q, Monaghan AJ, Battisti DS (2012) Seasonal climate information preserved in West Antarctic ice core water isotopes: relationships to temperature, large-scale circulation, and sea ice. Climate Dynamics, 39(7-8), 1841-1857.
  79. Laird CM, Blake WA, Matsuoka K, Conway H, Allen CT, Leuschen CJ, Gogineni S (2009) Deep Ice Stratigraphy and Basal Conditions in Central West Antarctica Revealed by Coherent Radar. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters.
  80. Lamarque JF, Dentener F, McConnell J, Ro CU, Shaw M, Vet R, Bergmann D, Cameron-Smith P, Dalsoren S, Doherty R, Faluvegi G, Ghan SJ, Josse B, Lee YH, MacKenzie IA, Plummer D, Shindell DT, Skeie RB, Stevenson DS, Strode S, Zeng G, Curran M, Dahl-Jensen D, Das S, Fritzsche D, Nolan M (2013) Multi-model mean nitrogen and sulfur deposition from the Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project (ACCMIP): Evaluation historical and projected changes. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 7997-8018.
  81. Lamarque JF, McConnell JR, Shindell DT, Orlando JJ, Tyndall GS (2011) Understanding the drivers for the 20th century change of hydrogen peroxide in Antarctic ice-cores. Geophysical Research Letters, 38(L04810).
  82. Lee MJ, Kyle PR, Iverson NA, Lee JI, Han Y (2019) Rittmann volcano, Antarctica as the source of a widespread 1252±2 CE tephra layer in Antarctica ice. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 521, 169-176.
  83. Lee YH, Lamarque JF, Flanner MG, Jiao C, Shindell DT, Berntsen T, Bisiaux MM, Cao J, Collins WJ, Curran M, Edwards R, Faluvegi G, Ghan S, Horowitz LW, McConnell JR, Ming J, Myhre G, Nagashima T, Naik V, Tumbold ST, Skeie RB, Sudo K, Takemura T, Thevenon F, Xu B, Yoon J-H (2013) Evaluation of preindustrial to present-day black carbon and its albedo forcing from ACCMIP (Atmospheric Chemistry and Climate Model Intercomparison Project). Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 2607-2634.
  84. Liu P, Kaplan J, Mickley LJ, Li Y, Chellman NJ, Arienzo MM, Kodros JK, Pierce JR, Sigl M, Freitag J, Mulvaney R, Curran MAJ, McConnell JR (2021) Improved estimates of preindustrial biomass burning reduce the magnitude of aerosol climate forcing in the Southern Hemisphere. Science Advances, 7(22), eabc1379.
  85. Lowry DP, Han HK, Golledge NR, Gomez N, Johnson KM, McKay RM (2024) Ocean cavity regime shift reversed West Antarctic grounding line retreat in the late Holocene. Nature Communications, 15, 3176.
  86. Manning JG, Ludlow F, Stine AR, Boos WR, Sigl M, Marlon JR (2017) Volcanic suppression of Nile summer flooding triggers revolt and constrains interstate conflict in ancient Egypt. Nature Communications, 8, 900, 1-9.
  87. Marcott SA, Bauska TK, Buizert C, Steig EJ, Rosen JL, Cuffey KM, Fudge TJ, Severinghaus JP, Ahn J, Kalk M, McConnell JR, Sowers T, Taylor KC, White JWC, Brook EJ (2014) Centennial-scale changes in the global carbon cycle during the last deglaciation. Nature, 514, 616-619.
  88. Markle BR and Steig E J (2022) Improving temperature reconstructions from ice-core water-isotope records. Climate of the Past, 18, 1321-1368.
  89. Markle BR, Steig EJ, Buizert C, Schoenemann SW, Bitz CM, Fudge TJ, Pedro JB, Ding Q, Jones TR, White JWC, Sowers T (2017) Global atmospheric teleconnections during Dansgaard-Oeschger events. Nature Geoscience, 10, 36-40.
  90. Markle BR, Steig EJ, Roe GH, Winckler G, McConnell JR (2018) Concomitant variability in high-latitude aerosols, water isotopes and the hydrologic cycle. Nature Geoscience, 11, 853-859.
  91. Masclin S, Frey MM, Rogge WF, Bales RC (2013) Atmospheric nitric oxide and ozone at the WAIS Divide deep coring site: a discussion of local sources and transport in West Antarctica. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 8857-8877.
  92. Mason WP, Shturmakov AJ, Johnson JA, Haman ST (2007) A new 122mm electromechanical drill for deep ice-sheet coring (DISC): 2. Mechanical design. Annals of Glaciology, 47(1), 35-40.
  93. Matsuoka K, Morse D, Raymond CF (2010) Estimating englacial radar attenuation using depth profiles of the returned power, central West Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(F02012).
  94. Matsuoka K, Power D, Fujita S, Raymond CF (2012) Rapid development of anisotropic ice-crystal-alignment fabrics inferred from englacial radar polarimetry, central West Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(F03029).
  95. McConnell JR, Aristarain AJ, Banta RJ, Edwards PR, Simoes JC (2007) 20th-Century doubling in dust archived in an Antarctic Peninsula ice core parallels climate change and desertification in South America. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(14), 5743-5748.
  96. McConnell JR, Burke A, Dunbar NW, Kohler P, Thomas JL, Arienzo MM, Chellman NJ, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Adkins JF, Baggenstos D, Burkhart JF, Brook EJ, Buizert C, Cole-Dai J, Fudge TJ, Knorr G, Graf H-F, Grieman MM, Iverson N, McGwire KC, Mulvaney R, Paris G, Rhodes RH, Saltzman ES, Severinghaus JP, Steffensen JP, Taylor KC, Winckler G (2017) Synchronous volcanic eruptions and abrupt climate change ∼17.7 ka plausibly linked by stratospheric ozone depletion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114(38), 10035-10040.
  97. McConnell JR, Chellman NJ, Mulvaney R, Eckhardt S, Stohl A, Plunkett G, Kipfstuhl S, Freitag J, Isaksson E, Gleason KE, Brugger SO, McWethy DB , Abram NJ, Liu P, Aristarain AJ (2021) Hemispheric black carbon increase after the 13th-century Māori arrival in New Zealand. Nature 598, 82–85.
  98. McConnell JR, Maselli OJ, Sigl M, Vallelonga P, Neumann T, Anschutz H, Bales RC, Curran MAJ, Das SB, Edwards R, Kipfstuhl S, Layman L, Thomas ER (2014) Antarctic-wide array of high-resolution ice core records reveals pervasive lead pollution began in 1889 and persists today. Scientific Reports, 4, 5848.
  99. McGwire KC, Hargreaves GM, Alley RB, Popp TJ, Reusch DB, Spencer MK, Taylor KC (2008) An integrated system for optical imaging of ice cores. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 53(2), 216-228.
  100. McGwire KC, McConnell JR, Alley RB, Banta JR, Hargreaves GM, Taylor KC (2008) Dating annual layers of a shallow Antarctic ice core with an optical scanner. Journal of Glaciology, 54(188).
  101. McGwire KC, Taylor KC, Banta JR, McConnell JR (2011) Identifying Annual Peaks in Dielectric Profiles with a Selection Curve. Journal of Glaciology, 57(204), 763-769.
  102. Mekhaldi F, McConnell J, Adolphi F, Arienzo M, Chellman N, Maselli O, Moy AD, Plummer C, Sig M, Muscheler R (2017) No coincident nitrate enhancement events in polar ice cores following the largest known solar storms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 122, 11,900-11,913.
  103. Mekhaldi F, Muscheler R, Adolphi F, Aldahan A, Beer J, McConnell JR, Possnert G, Sigl M, Svensson A, Synal H-A, Welten KC, Woodruff TE (2015) Multiradionuclide evidence for the solor origin of the cosmic-ray events of AD 774/5 and 993/4. Nature Communications, 6:8611.
  104. Melton JR, Whiticar MJ, Eby P (2011) Stable carbon isotope ratio analyses on trace methane from ice samples. Chemical Geology, 288(3-4), 88-96.
  105. Mischler JA, Sowers TA, Alley RB, Battle M, McConnell JR, Mitchell L, Popp T, Sofen E, Spencer MK (2009) Carbon and hydrogen isotopic composition of methane over the last 1000 years. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23(GB4024).
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General Public

  1. Lipuma L (2021) Ice Core Tells 11,000-Year History Of Explosive Volcanic Eruptions - First-Of-Its-Kind Record Sheds Light On Ancient Eruptions And Climate Conditions, The Antarctic Sun
  2. Hickey H (2017) Rapid Arctic warming has in the past shifted Southern Ocean winds [Press Release], University of Washington
  3. DRI (2015) Volcanic eruptions that changed human history, Desert Research Institute
  4. Floyd M (2015) Researchers find 200-year lag between climate events in Greenland, Antarctica [Press Release], Oregon State University
  5. Hickey H (2015) Antarctic ice core shows northern trigger for ice age climate shifts [Press Release], University of Washington
  6. Monroe R (2015) Two-Mile-Long Ice Core Reveals Ocean Currents Transmitted Climate Changes from the Arctic to the Antarctic [Press Release], Scripps Institution of Oceanography
  7. National Science Foundation (2015) Antarctic ice core reveals how sudden climate changes in North Atlantic moved south [Press Release]
  8. DRI [2014] Rewriting the history of volcanic forcing during the past 2,000 years [Press Release], Desert Research Institute
  9. Floyd M (2014) New study shows three abrupt pulse of CO2 during last deglaciation [Press Release], Oregon State University
  10. DRI (2013) Antarctic ice core extracted by DRI scientists contains extraordinary and detailed record of greenhouse gases and climate change [Press Release], Desert Research Institute
  11. DRI (2013) New ice core data helps explain Antarctica's last deglaciation [Press Release], Desert Research Institute
  12. National Science Foundation (2013) Antarctic Ice Core Contains Unrivaled Detail of Past Climate [Press Release]
  13. National Science Foundation (2013) Antarctic ice core sheds new light on how the last ice age ended [Press Release]
  14. Rejcek P (2013) Faithful reproduction - Team at NICL processes replicate ice cores from WAIS Divide, The Antarctic Sun
  15. Rejcek P (2013) Copy that - WAIS Divide team drills historic replicate ice core in West Antarctica, The Antarctic Sun
  16. Stricherz V (2013) Earth orbit changes were key to Antarctic warming that ended last ice age [Press Release], University of Washington
  17. Rejcek P (2012) Processed and packaged - Last cores from WAIS Divide borehole go through NICL, The Antarctic Sun
  18. Rejcek P (2012) Repeat experiment - New replicate ice core system will target abrupt climate change events, The Antarctic Sun
  19. Rejcek P (2012) CO2 leads the way - New study complements ongoing research on WAIS Divide ice core, The Antarctic Sun
  20. Rejcek P (2012) The last core - WAIS Divide deepens borehole for research into climate change, The Antarctic Sun
  21. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2011) WAIS Divide Ice Core: A Guide for the Media and Public
  22. National Science Foundation (2011) Ice Cores Yield Rich History of Climate Change [Press Release]
  23. Rejcek P (2011) Getting to the Bottom - NICL team processes deepest ice from WAIS Divide project, The Antarctic Sun
  24. Rejcek P (2011) Trucked in - WAIS Divide ice cores arrive safely at NICL, The Antarctic Sun
  25. Rejcek P (2011) Deep core complete - WAIS Divide project finishes five-year effort to retrieve 3,331 meters of ice, The Antarctic Sun
  26. Rejcek P (2010) It's just physics - Climate-change expert discusses greenhouse effect, utility of ice-core research, The Antarctic Sun
  27. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2010) WAIS Divide Ice Core: A Guide for the Media and Public
  28. Rejcek P (2010) Core truths - WAIS Divide ice records past environmental changes with implications for the future, The Antarctic Sun
  29. Rejcek P (2010) On the line - Researchers spend summer in deep-freeze to slice and dice WAIS Divide ice core, The Antarctic Sun
  30. Hotz RL (2010) Mining for Cold, Hard Facts - Scientists Probe Antarctic Ice to Settle Climate Debates, Wall Street Journal
  31. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2010) Quarterly Update: April 2010
  32. Rejcek P (2009) Core of drilling: UW-Madison group serves as one-stop shop for coring and cutting ice, The Antarctic Sun
  33. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2009) Quarterly Update: August 2009
  34. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2009) WAIS Divide Ice Core Project: A Guide for the Media and Public
  35. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2009) Quarterly Update: February 2009
  36. Rejcek P (2008) Biological pulse - WAIS Divide project searches for life in the ice, The Antarctic Sun
  37. Rejcek P (2008) Connecting the pieces - Antarctic ice core to improve greenhouse gas climate record, The Antarctic Sun
  38. Rejcek P (2008) Deep into WAIS Divide: Project continues major effort to recover high-resolution climate record of last 100,000 years, The Antarctic Sun
  39. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2008) WAIS Divide Ice Core: A Guide for the Media and Public
  40. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2008) Quarterly Update: August 2008
  41. Las Vegas Sun (2008) From desert to Antarctica: Searching for climate clues
  42. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2008) Quarterly Update: March 2008
  43. Badger Herald (2008) Ice drilling team returns
  44. National Science Foundation (2008) New Antarctic Ice Core to Provide Clearest Climate Record Yet [Press Release]
  45. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2007) Quarterly Update: December 2007
  46. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2007) WAIS Divide Ice Core Project: A Guide for the Media and Public
  47. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2007) Quarterly Update: August 2007
  48. (2007) Antarctic science: To Coldly Go
  49. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2007) Quarterly Update: March 2007
  50. Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (UNH) (2007) WAIS Deep, EOS Spheres, 6(1)
  51. WAIS Divide Science Coordination Office (2006) Quarterly Update: October 2006
  52. Severinghaus J (2006) WAIS Divide Ice Core Project: Progress and plans, PAGES News, 14(1), p. 25-26
  53. University of Kansas, School of Engineering (2005) KU Engineers to Depart for Antarctica for Ice Sheet Research
  54. Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space (UNH) (2005) Going Deep: The Western Divide Ice Core Project In Antarctica, EOS Spheres, 4(1)

Dissertations / Theses

  1. Bauska TK (2013) Carbon cycle variability during the last millennium and last deglaciation. Oregon State University, Doctoral Dissertation
  2. Fegyveresi JM (2010) Reconstructing paleoclimates on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet using ice core bubble number-density. Penn State University, Master's Thesis
  3. Fegyveresi JM (2015) Physical Properties of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) Divide Deep Ice Core: Development, Evolution and Interpretation. Penn State University, Doctoral Dissertation
  4. Fudge TJ (2013) Investigating the interior of West Antarctica with light, radar, and electrical conductance. University of Washington, Doctoral Dissertation
  5. Gregory SA (2013) The impact of microstructure and physical properties on pore close-off at WAIS Divide and Megadunes. Dartmouth College, Master's Thesis
  6. Headly MA (2008) Krypton and xenon in air trapped in polar ice cores: paleo-atmospheric measurements for estimating past mean ocean temperature and summer snowmelt frequency. UC San Diego, Doctoral Dissertation
  7. Jones TR (2015) High-Resolution Water Isotope Records from West Antarctic Ice Cores: Interpretations of Climatic, Glaciological, and Diffusional Processes. University of Colorado, Doctoral Dissertation
  8. Koffman B (2013) Atmospheric Dust Deposition in West Antarctica Over the Past Two Millennia. University of Maine, Doctoral Dissertation
  9. Kunasek SA (2009) Advances in reconstructing past atmospheric oxidation chemistry using the oxygen isotope composition of nitrate and sulfate in ice cores. University of Washington, Doctoral Dissertation
  10. Mischler JA (2009) Carbon and hydrogen isotopic composition of methane over the last 1000 years. Penn State University, Master's Thesis
  11. Mitchell LE (2013) The late Holocene atmospheric methane budget reconstructed from ice cores. Oregon State University, Doctoral Dissertation
  12. Orsi AJ (2013) Temperature reconstruction at the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Divide, for the last millennium, from the combination of borehole temperature and inert gas isotope measurements. UC San Diego, Doctoral Dissertation
  13. Rosen JL (2014) Augmenting and interpreting ice core greenhouse gas records. Oregon State University, Doctoral Dissertation
  14. Schoenemann SW (2015) Fundamental controls on triple oxygen-isotope ratios in Antarctic precipitation and ice cores. University of Washington, Doctoral Dissertation
  15. Sofen ED (2013) Isotopic investigation of anthropogenic- and climate-driven changes in sulfate and nitrate aerosol production. University of Washington, Doctoral Dissertation


  1. Severinghaus J (2012) Decision basis for the final depth of the WAIS Divide borehole: Final report
  2. Severinghaus J (2011) Process for Optimizing Pressure Compensation During Borehole Deepening
  3. Taylor KC and Severinghaus J (2011) Process for Deciding How Deep to Drill the WAIS Divide Borehole
  4. Priscu JC, Tulaczyk S, Skidmore M (2009) WAIS Divide Basal Science and Implementation Plan
  5. Ice Coring and Drilling Services (2008) Design Modifications for Recovering 4-Meter Ice Cores with the DISC Drill
  6. Clow GD (2008) USGS Polar Temperature Logging System, Description and Measurement Uncertainties: U.S. Geological Survey Techniques and Methods 2-E3, 1-24
  7. Severinghaus J, Brook E, Cole-Dai J, Pettit E, Sowers T (2008) Replicate Coring and Borehole Logging Science and Implementation Plan: WAIS Divide Ice Core and Beyond
  8. Ice Coring and Drilling Services (2003) Drilling Fluid Observations and Recommendations for U.S. Polar Program, WAISCORES Drilling Project, 1-32
  9. U.S. Ice Core Working Group (2003) United States Ice Core Science: Recommendations for the Future, 1-48
  10. Ice Coring and Drilling Services (2003) Comparison of Ice Coring Options for the Antarctic Inland Core Project, 1-96
  11. U.S. Ice Core Working Group (2000) WAISCORES: A Science and Implementation Plan for Climate, Cryobiology and Ice Dynamics Studies in West Antarctica, 1-61
  12. U.S. Ice Core Working Group (1998) Ice Core Contributions to Global Change Research: Past Successes and Future Directions, 1-35
  13. U.S. Ice Core Working Group (1991) WAISCORES 1991, 1-15
  14. U.S. Ice Core Working Group (1989) US Global Ice Core Research Program: West Antarctica and Beyond, 1-30